- (1622-1625; Paris, Louvre)In 1615, Marie de' Medici, wife of Henry IV of France, commissioned Salomon de Brosse to build for her the Luxembourg Palace in Paris based on the Palazzo Pitti, the residence in Florence where she had lived as a child. Once completed, Marie took the task of decorating it. She commissioned Peter Paul Rubens to create a cycle of over 40 works to commemorate her and her husband's deeds to be placed in the palace's two galleries. Rubens had already worked for her son, Louis XIII, in 1620-1621, creating cartoons for 12 tapestries depicting the life of Emperor Constantine the Great. Familiar with the master's talent, Marie felt confident that he would provide works of great quality for her as well.Only approximately 20 paintings were completed by Rubens, all from the life of Marie. The cycle begins with her childhood and education, continues with her arrival in Marseilles, her marriage to Henry, his assassination in 1610, her regency and exile to Blois, and her reconciliation with her son and vindication. The cycle glorifies a life that was not as exalted as Marie professed. The misery of her childhood had to do with her mother's early death and her father's remarriage to a commoner. He sent his children, including Marie, away to the Palazzo Pitti. Two of them died in childhood and a third was married off at an early age to the Duke of Mantua, leaving Marie on her own. Henry IV only married her for her hefty dowry. In 1610, he was stabbed to death and Marie became the regent to her son because Salic laws prohibited women from serving as queens. Her relationship with her son was fraught with conflict and, though they reconciled after Louis exiled her to Blois thanks to the intervention of Cardinal Armand Richelieu, in 1630 he exiled her for good. She escaped to the Low Countries and then Germany, where she died. The Luxembourg Palace was closed and Rubens' cycle forgotten until the late 17th century when it was reopened. The rediscovery of Rubens' Medici Cycle, with its lush brushwork and rich colorism, caused a major sensation. Debates among Poussinists and Rubenistes ensued, forever changing the course of art in France.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
Look at other dictionaries:
Marie de' Medici cycle — The Marie de Medici Cycle is a series of twenty four paintings by Peter Paul Rubens commissioned by Marie de Medici, wife of Henry IV of France, for the Luxembourg Palace in Paris. Rubens received the commission in the autumn of 1621. After… … Wikipedia
Medici — Infobox Family colour = LightCoral name =Medici crest = caption = Money to get power, and power to guard the money ethnicity = region = early forms = origin = members =Lorenzo de Medici Catherine Leo X Clement VII Leo XI Marie Cosimo de Medici… … Wikipedia
Medici, Marie de' — (1573 1642) Marie de Medici was the daughter of Grand Duke Francesco I de Medici of Florence and Johanna of Austria, daughter of the Hapsburg Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I. In 1600, she was betrothed to Henry IV of France whose poor finances… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Medici giraffe — The Gathering of Manna (1540) by Francesco Bacchiacca. The artist s accurate depiction owes a debt to the Medici giraffe … Wikipedia
Medici String Quartet — The Medici String Quartet is widely regarded as one of Britain s leading international ensembles, having appeared to critical acclaim in over thirty countries across five continents. Alongside frequent radio performances, the group has an… … Wikipedia
Marie de' Medici — Marie de Médicis Portrait of Marie de Medicis by Peter Paul Rubens Queen consort of France and Navarre Tenure 17 December 1600 – 14 May 1610 Corona … Wikipedia
House of Medici — For other uses, see Medici (disambiguation). House of Medici Country Florence and Tuscany Titles Pope Queen of France … Wikipedia
Descendants of Marie de Medici — Descendants in three generations Marie de Medici 1573–1642 Queen of France See Ancestors Children Grand Children Great Grand Children Princess Henrie … Wikipedia
Palazzo Medici-Riccardi — Coin des façades, via Larga (actuelle via Cavour) et via de Gori Période ou style Architecture Renaissance Architecte Michelozzo Début construction … Wikipédia en Français
Palais Medici-Riccardi — Palazzo Medici Riccardi Coin des façades, via Larga (actuelle via Cavour) et via de Gori … Wikipédia en Français